Contact Us Today

Name
Phone
E-mail

Need Help With Website Design?

Need Help With Search Engine Optimization?

Need
A Good CPA?

MARKETING AND SALES MANAGEMENT
CHECK POINT 95: SALES ORGANIZATION

Please Select Any Topic In Check Point 95 Below And Click.

1. the sales management function
2. the sales organization development process
3. factors in a sales organization development process
4. geographically-specialized sales organization
5. product-specialized sales organization
6. customer-specialized sales organization
7. function-specialized sales organization
8. job descriptions in a sales organization
9. small business example
job description for a sales manager
10. for serious business owners only
11. the latest information online
 

DO I NEED TO KNOW THIS CHECK POINT?

 

WELCOME TO CHECK POINT 95

TUTORIAL 1 General Management TUTORIAL 2 Human
Resources Management
TUTORIAL 3 Financial Management TUTORIAL 4 Operations Management TUTORIAL 5 Marketing
And Sales Management
1 6 11 16 21 26 31 36 41 46 51 56 61 66 71 76 81 86 91 96
2 7 12 17 22 27 32 37 42 47 52 57 62 67 72 77 82 87 92 97
3 8 13 18 23 28 33 38 43 48 53 58 63 68 73 78 83 88 93 98
4 9 14 19 24 29 34 39 44 49 54 59 64 69 74 79 84 89 94 99
5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100
 

HOW CAN YOU BENEFIT FROM CHECK POINT 95?

 
The main purpose of this check point is to provide you and your management team with detailed information about Sales Organization and how to apply this information to maximize your company's performance.
 
In this check point you will learn:
 
• About the sales management function.
• About steps in the sales organization development process.
• About important factors in a sales organization development process.
• About various types of the sales organization.
• About advantages and disadvantages of a geographically-specialized sales organization.
• About advantages and disadvantages of a product-specialized sales organization.
• About advantages and disadvantages of a customer-specialized sales organization.
• About advantages and disadvantages of a function-specialized sales organization.
• About job descriptions in a sales organization.
• About a job description for a sales manager... and much more.
 

LEAN MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES FOR CHECK POINT 95

 
You and your management team should become familiar with the basic Lean Management principles, guidelines, and tools provided in this program and apply them appropriately to the content of this check point.
 
You and your team should adhere to basic lean management guidelines on a continuous basis:
 
Treat your customers as the most important part of your business.
Provide your customers with the best possible value of products and services.
Meet your customers' requirements with a positive energy on a timely basis.
Provide your customers with consistent and reliable after-sales service.
Treat your customers, employees, suppliers, and business associates with genuine respect.
Identify your company's operational weaknesses, non-value-added activities, and waste.
Implement the process of continuous improvements on organization-wide basis.
Eliminate or minimize your company's non-value-added activities and waste.
Streamline your company's operational processes and maximize overall flow efficiency.
Reduce your company's operational costs in all areas of business activities.
Maximize the quality at the source of all operational processes and activities.
Ensure regular evaluation of your employees' performance and required level of knowledge.
Implement fair compensation of your employees based on their overall performance.
Motivate your partners and employees to adhere to high ethical standards of behavior.
Maximize safety for your customers, employees, suppliers, and business associates.
Provide opportunities for a continuous professional growth of partners and employees.
Pay attention to "how" positive results are achieved and constantly try to improve them.
Cultivate long-term relationships with your customers, suppliers, employees, and business associates.

1. THE SALES MANAGEMENT FUNCTION

top

THE SALES MANAGEMENT FUNCTION

Business owners and sales managers must pay maximum attention to the development of a dynamic sales organization to ensure that the company will meet its overall business objectives and achieve the desired level of profitability in a highly competitive marketplace.

The implementation of marketing plans and promotion programs is effected by active selling of products and services in the marketplace. It is essential, therefore, to establish a suitable sales organization to meet relevant marketing objectives and to develop a Sales Management Function within the company.

The sales management function does not stand in isolation from other organizational responsibilities. On the contrary, it represents a part of a well-integrated system of functions as illustrated below.

FIVE AREAS OF A COMPANY'S ACTIVITIES

General
Management
Function

Human
Resources
Management
Function

Financial
Management
Function

Operations
Management
Function

Marketing
And Sales
Management
Function

 

CONNECTION BETWEEN MARKETING
AND SALES MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONS

The Sales Management Function represents an extension of overall marketing activities and it is an integral part of the marketing management function in every organization. The sales manager, therefore, is responsible for developing an effective Sales Organization in order to implement all aspects of the company's marketing plan.

The sales management function is usually the first function which must be implemented by small business owners because without sales there is actually no business at all. Upon staring a business, many small business owners usually become the "chief-sales-person" within their organization. As their business grows, business owners employ additional sales people and eventually one of them may become a sales manager.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ONLINE

Sales Process Flow Chart By Victor Holman.
Sales Management Best Practices By Jason Jordan.
The Art Of Sales Management Mastery By Gary Tilkin.
3 Key Skills For Effective Sales Management By Brian Tracy.
Sales Management & Leadership By Kevin Gaither, Mike Brooks.

2. THE SALES ORGANIZATION DEVELOPMENT PROCESS

top

THE SALES ORGANIZATION DEVELOPMENT PROCESS

The Sales Organization Development Process entails creation of a framework in which human and material resources can be utilized in the most efficient manner. Thus, the prime task of the sales manager is to develop a suitable organizational structure that will stimulate all employees toward effective performance.

Since the sales organization development process represents a continuous task that is carried out in a constantly changing environment, it is essential to ensure high flexibility of the Sales Organizational Structure. This is particularly important when a company plans to accomplish specific tasks outlined below.

REASONS FOR A FLEXIBLE SALES ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE

1.

To introduce new products or services into the market.

2.

To develop new sales territories.

3.

To meet constantly changing customers' needs.

4.

To establish another sales branch.

There are several important issues that need to be addressed during the sales organization development process as outlined below.

SALES ORGANIZATIONAL ISSUES

1.

To delegate responsibility, authority, and accountability in the sales department.

2.

To establish a routine sales reporting procedure.

3.

To develop a specialized range of sales activities and sales training.

4.

To establish a centralized or decentralized control over sales activities.

The basic Sales Organization Development Process entails four steps outlined below. (49)

STEPS IN THE SALES ORGANIZATION DEVELOPMENT PROCESS

Step 1: Determine The Tasks That Must Be Performed To Implement The Sales Plan, e.g. Forecasting, Prospecting, Selling, Order-Taking.

Step 2: Classify The Tasks And Group Them Into Related Sets Of Activities On The Basis Of Product, Customer, Or Sales Territory Requirements.

Step 3: Assign A Set Of Activities To An Individual Position Or Positions.

Step 4: Establish Supervision And Reporting Relationships Between Positions.

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ONLINE

Sales Organization Skills By David Rohlander.
Build A World-Class Sales Organization P1 Dave Mather.
Secrets Of Winning Sales Organizations By Gerhard Gschwandtner.
How To Build A World-Class Sales Organization? By Patrick Sweeney, Caliper.
Building A Winning Sales Organization By Michael Winning, Dreamforce Video.

3. FACTORS IN A SALES ORGANIZATION DEVELOPMENT PROCESS

top

THE UNITY OF COMMAND PRINCIPLE

One important consideration of the sales organization development process is the Unity Of Command Principle. This principle suggests that each employee should report to only one person within the organization. 

This is a general principle that is particularly useful in the sales management environment. When employees report to more than one individual, they may be given contradicting instructions that can, in turn, cause ineffective performance. It is essential, therefore, to prevent such a condition to avoid confusion among sales employees.

SPAN OF CONTROL

Another issue that should be considered by the sales manager relates to the Span Of Control, or the number of subordinates that can be effectively supervised by one manager.

The importance of this issue depends upon the size of the sales organization and is particularly critical for larger companies. Small and medium-sized organizations usually employ a moderate number of sales people and seldom experience problems caused by an excessive span of control.

CENTRALIZATION OR DECENTRALIZATION OF CONTROL

The sales manager should also consider the issue of Centralization or Decentralization Of Control over the company's sales activities.

A small organization normally starts its operations from one office, and management exercises centralized control over sales force activities. When the organization grows and develops business relations with customers in different geographic locations, however, it may be useful to decentralize control over the sales force activities. This may require a branch to be opened in a suitable geographic location in order to ensure effective service of local customers. 

Decentralization of sales activities helps minimize the travel time and expenses incurred by sales people and maximize the quality of sales service provided by customers.

ORGANIZATIONAL SPECIALIZATION

Finally, important consideration should be given by the sales manager to the issue of Organizational Specialization.

Since companies build their activities around customer requirements, it is essential to develop a sales organization that will provide the most effective service in the marketplace. Several types of organizational specialization could be considered by the sales manager as illustrated below.

TYPES OF THE SALES ORGANIZATIONAL SPECIALIZATION

     
Geographic
Specialization
  Product
Specialization
  Customer
Specialization
  Functional
Specialization

4. GEOGRAPHICALLY-SPECIALIZED SALES ORGANIZATION

top

GEOGRAPHICALLY-SPECIALIZED SALES ORGANIZATION

Geographic Specialization is particularly suitable for an organization that operates in widespread geographic markets.

In this type of organization, each sales person is assigned to sell all products to all customers within a specified geographic location. A typical structure of a Geographically-Specialized Sales Organization is illustrated below.

 

The main advantages and disadvantages of the geographically-specialized organization structure are outlined below.

GEOGRAPHICALLY-SPECIALIZED SALES ORGANIZATION

Advantages

Disadvantages

One of the advantages of this structure is that it stimulates development of strong ties between sales people and their customers. In addition, travel time and selling costs can be substantially reduced because each sales person covers a limited sales territory.

One of the disadvantages of this structure is that a particular sales person can handle only a limited number of uncomplicated products or product lines.

5. PRODUCT-SPECIALIZED SALES ORGANIZATION

top

PRODUCT-SPECIALIZED SALES ORGANIZATION

Product Specialization is generally used by industrial organizations that offer various lines of products to the market.

This type of structure is effective in the distribution of different highly-technical products. In this type of organization, each sales person is trained to handle a particular product or product line. Thus, the number of sales people depends upon the variety of products handled by the organization.

A typical structure of a Product-Specialized Sales Organization is illustrated below.

 

The main advantages and disadvantages of the product-specialized sales organization are outlined below.

PRODUCT-SPECIALIZED SALES ORGANIZATION

Advantages

Disadvantages

One of the advantages of this structure is that it stimulates development of sound product knowledge by sales people. This, in turn, enables the company to provide effective product and technical support to their customers.

One of the disadvantages of this structure is that each sales person must cover a much larger territory which increases traveling time and selling expenses.

6. CUSTOMER-SPECIALIZED SALES ORGANIZATION

top

CUSTOMER-SPECIALIZED SALES ORGANIZATION

Customer Specialization is frequently used by organizations that offer their products to different industries. In this type of an organization, each sales person is assigned to a particular industry or individual customer.

A typical Customer-Specialized Sales Organization structure is illustrated below.

 

The main advantages and disadvantages of the customer-specialized sales organization are outlined below.

CUSTOMER-SPECIALIZED SALES ORGANIZATION

Advantages

Disadvantages

One of the advantages of this structure is that it allows the sales person to become  an expert on the customers' operations and stimulates the development of strong company-customer relations.

One of the disadvantages of this structure, similar to the disadvantages of product specialization, are that each sales person must cover a wide territory, spend more time on the road, and incur high selling expenses.

7. FUNCTION-SPECIALIZED SALES ORGANIZATION

top

FUNCTION-SPECIALIZED SALES ORGANIZATION

Functional Specialization is most appropriate for organizations that offer relatively narrow product lines to non-segmented and geographically concentrated markets. In this type of organization, each sales person is assigned particular functional responsibilities for the entire range of customers. 

Two basic responsibilities that are usually assigned to sales people in Function-Specialized Sales Organizations are outlined below.

TWO MAIN RESPONSIBILITIES
IN A FUNCTION-SPECIALIZED SALES ORGANIZATION

1.

Developing new accounts.

2.

Maintaining existing ones.

 

UNDERSTAND VARIOUS TYPES OF SALES SPECIALIZATION

In a Functional Sales Organization, new accounts are generally developed by sales executives and existing accounts are maintained by specially trained sales personnel. Functional specialization has limited application for small and medium-sized organizations and is used infrequently. 

It is essential that the sales manager understands the different types of specialization that can be used in the sales organization development process. Companies with widespread markets usually use geographic specialization, and those with diverse product lines find product specialization effective. If customers have highly-specialized needs, customer specialization is frequently used, and functional specialization is applied when team selling is more appropriate.

8. JOB DESCRIPTIONS IN A SALES ORGANIZATION

top

JOB DESCRIPTIONS IN A SALES ORGANIZATION

Once a sales organization is established, management must prepare several Job Descriptions for key positions within the sales department. Availability of job descriptions will help management to provide sales employees with specific guidelines related to their work with the company and avoid any possible misunderstandings and even help prevent conflicts.

Various issues related to job descriptions and job specifications are discussed in detail in Tutorial 2. Each job description should contain the following information outlined below.

ELEMENTS OF A JOB DESCRIPTION

1.

The job title.

2.

The job summary.

3.

Details of accountability.

4.

Details of responsibility and duties.

5.

Details of authority.

6.

Participation in management teams.

In order to provide a clear guidance to employees within the sales department, the job descriptions should be prepared for the following positions, as outlined below.

JOB DESCRIPTIONS IN A SALES DEPARTMENT

1.

Sales manager.

2.

Sales consultant.

3.

Internal sales consultant.

Example of a job description for the Sales Manager is illustrated next. Additional examples of job descriptions for Sales Consultant and Internal Sales Consultant are presented in Tutorial 5.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ONLINE

Sales Manager Job Description By The Career Thoughts' Channel.
How To Write A Job Description In 30 Minutes? By Brenda Lavell.
How To Write A Great Job Description? By Alyson Pellowe, PVTV.
How To Write A Job Description? By Diane, Easy Small Business HR.
How To Write A Job Description? By Dave Waring, Fit Small Business.

9. SMALL BUSINESS EXAMPLE
JOB DESCRIPTION FOR A SALES MANAGER

JOB DESCRIPTION FOR A SALES MANAGER


Title: Sales Manager
Appointed By: President or Marketing Executive.
Responsible To: President or Marketing Executive.
Responsible For: The attainment of pre-determined sales objectives in accordance with the overall company's strategy, policies, budgets, and the marketing plan.
Function: To establish and maintain a sales force motivated to achieve desired goals through demonstration of personal selling ability, administrative, and financial skills commensurate with sales activities.
Duties And Responsibilities:
1. Determine, in collaboration with the marketing executive, the types of outlets best suited for the sale of the company's products and/or services.
2. Determine in what areas the company's products and/or services are likely to achieve desired results.
3. Recruit, in collaboration with the president or human resources manager suitable sales employees.
4. Allocate adequate number of employees for selling activities in designated areas.
5. Establish individual sales targets commensurate with area's potential sales revenues.
6. Establish and maintain a sales routing or sales call system.
7. Allocate appropriate transport to sales employees.
8. Devise suitable recording systems for customers and potential buyers together with adequate monitoring systems for all sales activities.
9. Ensure that suitable product knowledge and selling methods are a regular feature of in-house training.
10. Establish correct budgeting procedures for all sales activities in collaboration with the marketing executive.
11. Monitor and control all financial expenditures associated with the selling function.
12. Advise the president, the marketing executive, and financial executive on all aspects of remuneration, bonus, and incentive schemes for sales employees.
13. Ensure that all sales employees promote the desired company image by their appearance and conduct.
14. Ensure that all sales employees are fully conversant with the overall objectives of the company and know exactly what role each has to play in achieving them.
15. Conduct regular performance appraisal of sales employees and record all relevant findings in the individual sales person's performance file.
16. Conduct regular sales meetings to ensure that each sales person receives the most current sales and corporate information on a regular basis.
17. Participate in the company's management meetings to provide the management staff with all information relevant to the sales department's performance.
Participation In Management Meetings:
1. Chairperson in the weekly sales management meetings.
2. Participant in the company's weekly/bi-weekly/monthly management meetings.
 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ONLINE

A Great Sales Manager By Alan Gordon, Big Book Of Sales.
Roles Of A Sales Manager By Steve Clark, New School Selling.
6 Key Points Every Sales Manager Must Know By Mark Shreffler.
Two Most Important Functions Of Any Sales Manager By Kevin Graham.
The Role Of The Sales Manager By John Perrin, Tactical Sales Training Ltd.

10. FOR SERIOUS BUSINESS OWNERS ONLY

top

ARE YOU SERIOUS ABOUT YOUR BUSINESS TODAY?

Reprinted with permission.

11. THE LATEST INFORMATION ONLINE

WOULD YOU LIKE TO LEARN MORE?

Would you like to learn how to improve your personal business management knowledge and maximize your business performance through Lean Business Club?

When you are ready:

1.

Learn about the Membership Benefits, join Lean Business Club, and never feel lonely at the top again.

2.

Complete the Membership Form, or the Student Membership Form, and receive your free first-year membership.

3.

Save up to 75% off the regular subscription rate for complete access to the Lean Business 2100 Management Program online.

If you are U.S. Veteran, your membership in Lean Business Club and complete access to the Lean Business 2100 Management Program online will be available to you free of charge for an unlimited period.

 

LESSON FOR TODAY:
Make Sure That Your Sales Organization Supports
Your Business, And Not The Other Way Around!

Joe Griffith (Adapted)